Friday Seminar - David Brownstone on Fuel Economy Standards

green driving

Tomorrow's TRANSOC Friday Seminar is with David Brownstone of UC Irvine's Department of Economics. He'll present, "Consumer Response to Stricter Fuel Economy Standards."

The impacts of recent changes in Federal light-vehicle fuel economy standards depend crucially on consumers’ response to new vehicles with higher fuel economy and higher prices. Previous studies have primarily relied on stated preference experiments since there was little independent variation in vehicle price, fuel economy, and performance.  The recent introduction of hybrid-electric vehicles has provided some independent variation in these key vehicle attributes, so we use data from the 2009 NHTS data to estimate willingness to pay for light vehicle fuel economy.  We also estimate the “rebound effect” of purchasing more fuel efficient vehicles.  Finally we will comment on the impact of measurement errors and partial observability on previous studies.

The seminar will take place Friday, September 16, 2011 from 4-5 PM in 406 Davis Hall. Don't forget about Cookie Hour preceding it in the library at 3:30 PM. See you there!


Wildlife Management

 Originially from the Fall 2010 Tech Transfer Newsletter

FHWA Resources

  • Wildlife-Vehicle Collision Reduction Study: Best Practices Manual
    M. P. Huijser, et al., FHWA-HEP-09-022, June 2008
    Provides the results of a study mandated by SAFETEA-LU. Offers a deeper understanding of the causes of wildlife-vehicle collisions and solutions to this safety issue. Includes suggestions for types of fencing, design of overpasses and underpasses, and animal detection systems.
  • Wildlife Protection: Keeping It Simple
    This comprehensive website provides many practical and simple solutions and examples of how agencies can minimize the effects of highways on wildlife.
  • Critter Crossings: Linking Habitats and Reducing Roadkill
    FHWA-EP-004, 2000
    Describes the impact of transportation on a number of different wildlife habitats, and provides information and methodology to minimize transportation’s impact on wildlife.
  • Noise Effect on Wildlife
    A comprehensive study on the impact of noise pollution on many different habitats and wildlife. Includes conclusions and recommendations on methods to mitigate the impact of noise pollution from transportation.

Caltrans Resources

In California, the Caltrans Division of Environmental Analysis conducts research and provides resources on issues related to biological resources. Their two primary resources are:

  • Wildlife Crossings Guidance Manual (Free login required)
    March 2009
    This interactive website allows agencies, stakeholders, and interested groups to participate in a community concerned with wildlife crossing. Users can contribute information about their own practices or make suggestions.
  • California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project
    February 2010
    Commissioned in conjunction with the California Department of Fish and Game, the project aims to make transportation planning more efficient and to minimize potential wildlife-vehicle collisions. The report includes the statewide Essential Habitat Connectivity map, data from different areas of the map, and guidance for mitigation.

Wildlife Crossing Design

Articles and Reports

  • Evaluation of the Use and Effectiveness of Wildlife Crossings [PDF, 7.4 M]
    J.A. Bissonette and P.C. Cramer, NCHRP Report no. 615, 2008
    A comprehensive study of the state of the practice of wildlife crossings nationwide, with attention focused on safety, data modeling, the influence of roads on ecosystems, and possible restoration of wildlife crossings. It concludes with a decision guide to help practitioners respond to data from the field and take the appropriate actions to mitigate wildlife-vehicle collisions.
  • Advances in Wildlife Crossing Technologies
    M. Gray, Public Roads, v.73, n. 2, September/October 2009, pp. 14-21
    Provides an overview of animal detection systems, including the benefits and costs. Features a useful matrix to show the different characteristics and capabilities of the systems described in the article. It concludes with suggestions and a checklist for implementation of an animal detection program.
  • Best Practices for Preventing Wildlife–Vehicle Collisions [PDF, 1.9 M]
    P.T. McGowen and M.P. Huijser, TR News, no. 262, May-June 2009, pp-14-15
    Contains an overview of characteristics and threats for wildlife-vehicle collisions and identifies threatened and endangered species that are particularly vulnerable to road mortality. Best practices recommended include suggestions about methods to reduce speed, winter maintenance practices, and vegetation management.
  • Relating Vehicle-Wildlife Crashes to Road Reconstruction
    R.K. Young and C.S. Vokruka, Transportation Research Board 87th Annual Meeting, 2008
    This paper uses GIS tools to examine crash rates in Wyoming. The GIS data was used to study the effectiveness of seven reconstruction projects in the reduction of animal-vehicle collisions in the state, though design-speed was determined to have the only real impact on crash rates.
  • Developing an Asset Management Tool to Collect and Track Commitments on Environmental Mitigation Features
    S. Cook, J. Bittner, and T. Adams, Transportation Research Record, no. 2160, 2010, pp. 21-28
    Examines the state of wildlife mitigation projects from the Wisconsin DOT, and their need to track certain features through different projects around the state. This paper describes the development of a tracking tool to help coordinate projects statewide, as well as a survey of other states’ practices for environmental mitigation tracking.
  • Relationships between Lighting and Animal-Vehicle Collisions [PDF, 0.8 M]
    J.M. Sullivan, UMTRI-2009-35, October 2009
    This report examines the impact of roadway lighting and driver visibility on animal-vehicle collisions. It concludes with suggestions on ways to mitigate poor lighting, such as detection systems and posting speed limits.
  • UDOT Wildlife and Domestic Animal Accident Toolkit [PDF, 3.4 M]
    Utah DOT, UT-08.07, April 2008
    This toolkit contains data about the locations and characteristics of wildlife and domestic animal accident hotspots. There is also information for planners, project managers, and engineers, to help keep animals off Right-of-Ways and roadways.
  • Mitigating Wildlife Mortality and Habitat Fragmentation Due to Transportation Infrastructure [PDF, 240 K]
    A.P. Clevenger, Western Transportation Institute, Montana State University, January 2004
    An extension of the Banff Research and evaluation, this report describes methods used to monitor wildlife crossings, partnership and outreach efforts, and recommendations for implementation.


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